Brussels, 28 March 2022
28 additional MEPs to be elected on European Union-wide lists
Transnational lists must ensure balanced geographical representation
Candidates must be over 18 years of age to stand for election
Equal access to ballots, postal voting and gender equality
The Constitutional Affairs Committee proposes a reform of the European Electoral Act defining common minimum electoral standards and a Union-wide constituency.
With 19 votes to 9 and without any abstentions, the EP Committee on Constitutional Affairs backed on Monday a legislative initiative to replace the current European Electoral Act that defines how Members are elected to the European Parliament.
Transnational electoral lists
In their proposal, MEPs, led by the rapporteur Domènec Ruiz Devesa (S&D, ES), suggest that each voter should have two votes, one to elect MEPs in national constituencies and one in a European Union-wide constituency. 28 additional MEPs should come from the Union-wide constituency.
EU-wide lists of candidates should be submitted by European electoral entities, such as coalitions of national political parties and/or national associations of voters or European political parties. These lists will have to respect geographical representation so that smaller member states are not put at a competitive disadvantage. A new European Electoral Authority would be in charge of registering the lists, according to MEPs.
Minimum electoral standards in all member states
In order to promote a public European debate, MEPs propose a set of minimum standards to be observed during elections in the EU. Every European Union citizen over the age of 18 should have the right to stand as a candidate and a mandatory electoral threshold of at least 3.5% for large constituencies (those with at least 60 seats) should be introduced. The text also sets 9 May as the common European voting day in all member states.
Member states should ensure that European electoral entities are given equal treatment and opportunities as national political parties and that ballot papers used in elections give equal visibility to the names, acronyms, symbols and logos of these entities.
All citizens, including persons with disabilities, should have equal access to the elections. There should always be the option of postal voting, so that for example citizens living in non-EU countries can exercise their right to vote. Gender equality should be mandatory on lists of candidates.
The Constitutional Affairs Committee will vote on Tuesday, 29 March on an accompanying resolution to the draft Regulation.
Both texts will then have to be voted on by the European Parliament plenary, possibly during the 2-5 May session. According to Article 223 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), following endorsement by plenary, the legislative initiative will have to be adopted unanimously by the Council, obtain Parliament’s consent and receive the approval of all the member states in accordance with their respective constitutional requirements.
The European Electoral Act, dating back to 1976 (modified in 2002 and 2018, although the later amendment is not yet in force), contains common principles that must be respected by member states’ laws on the elections to the European Parliament. However, the current Act does not define a uniform electoral system applicable across the EU.
According to Article 223 of the TFEU, it is the European Parliament which has the legislative initiative for the European Electoral Act. The EP shall draw up a proposal to lay down the provisions necessary for the election of its Members by direct universal suffrage in accordance with a uniform procedure in all Member States or in accordance with principles common to all Member States.
Transnational lists: Renew Europe leads reform of the European Electoral Law
MARCH 28, 2022
Renew Europe strongly welcomes the adoption today, in the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, of the reform of the European Electoral Law, after a political agreement between the four largest Groups in the European Parliament. MEPs today approved a proposal for 28 transnational seats for the EU-wide constituency on top of the current 705 seats. These lists will have to ensure geographic balance, so as to guarantee a balance between candidates from large, medium and smaller Member States. Renew Europe is also fully dedicated to the fight for gender equality. This principle is at the heart of the report adopted today, by introducing the requirement of gender balanced lists.
Renew Europe looks forward to the adoption of this file in the plenary and to negotiations with the EU Council, so transnational lists can be in place for the 2024 elections. The Conference on the Future of Europe shows us that EU citizens support the idea of transnational lists. We believe European citizens should have two votes; one for their national lists and one for the European-wide list. We cannot miss the opportunity to strengthen our European Union, our European public sphere and the sense of belonging to the Union.
Guy Verhofstadt (OVLD, Belgium), Renew Europe shadow rapporteur on this file, declared:
“A real Union needs truly European elections. Transnational lists can change the momentum so that we finally get a campaign that crosses national boundaries, and so that voters know they are nominating politicians who truly represent Europe as a whole. Today’s EU is too important to be run along the lines of ‘second-order’ elections!”