04 May 2022
The European Banking Authority (EBA) today published a Report on non-bank lending in response to the European Commission’s February 2021 Call for Advice on this topic. The EBA’s proposals aim at addressing risks arising from the provision of lending by non-bank entities in the areas of supervision, consumer protection, anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), macro and microprudential risks.
While the magnitude of non-bank lending in the EU remains limited compared to credit provided by banks, FinTech activity has been increasing over the last years. The trends observed outside the EU also show that BigTechs and other non-traditional operators have already developed, and successfully rolled out, business models for lending.
The provision of innovative financial services may bring benefits for consumers and increase competition in the market. However, the analysis of the regulatory regimes currently in place indicates that non-bank lending remains largely unharmonised across the EU, and this may create challenges for all the stakeholders, including regulators.
In this Report, the EBA has identified the risks related to provisions of credit by non-bank lenders and put forward some proposals to address them. In particular, the Report highlights the importance of:
- Ensuring that the consumer protection framework remains fit-for purpose in view of new players entering the market. For that, the EBA is proposing i) to enhance the disclosure requirements and ensure that they are fair, effective and well-suited for new forms of lending; ii) to strengthen the requirements for creditworthiness assessment, to ensure it is conducted in the interest of consumers.
- Strengthening the provisions in terms of authorisation and admission to activities and clarifying the identification of the prudential perimeter and the supervisory responsibilities in cross-border provision of services, to allow for a more effective oversight.
- Covering all non-bank lenders in a more comprehensive way in the EU-wide AML/CTF framework, to achieve greater harmonisation and capture such entities as ‘obliged entities’.
- Enhancing the monitoring and reporting frameworks to avoid that any sudden increase of macroprudential risks remain unaddressed and considering the introduction of activity-based macro-prudential measures to cover all credit providers.
Legal basis and background
According to Article 16a(1) of the EBA Founding Regulation, the Authority may, upon a request from the European Parliament, the Council or the European Commission, or on its own initiative, provide opinions to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Commission on all issues related to its area of competence. Based on this provision, the EBA is therefore competent to analyse the current regulatory landscape in place in the EU for non-bank lending, analyse the related risks, and propose recommendations, in line with the advice requested by the European Commission.
The Digital Finance Strategy sets out the European Commission’s intention to review the existing financial services legislative frameworks in order to protect consumers, safeguard financial stability, protect the integrity of the EU financial sectors and ensure a level playing field.
As part of this review, in February 2021, the European Commission sent a Call for Advice to the EBA on how to address the prudential risks related to non-bank lending.
The EBA has carried out an analysis of market developments as well as of the risks and challenges posed by the increased provisions of lending by non-bank entities, and included its findings and proposals in the Report addressed to the European Commission.